Health Sciences

The Department of Health Sciences offers associate degrees in Nursing (Registered Nursing) and Vocational Nursing as well as certificates for Nurse Assistant (NA), Home Health Aide (HHA) and Vocational Nursing (VN).  These are highly impacted programs that are highly regulated. NA and HHA certificates are locally approved and are NOT notated on the student's academic transcript in accordance with the State regulations.  For policies and procedures for each of the programs consult the Health Sciences & Education webpage under Academic Programs on the College of the Desert website. For specific questions please call (760) 568-3093 or (760) 773-2579.

College policy requires each student enrolled in Health Sciences programs with clinical components to purchase insurance coverage against liability for malpractice, as well as materials for nursing student practice kits. A materials fee may be required for Nursing kits. Refer to the school webpage for current fees. These fees are paid at the time of registration. All programs offered by the Health Sciences Department demand a grade of “C” or better (2.0) in any course fulfilling program requirements.

Hospital Requirements

Affiliation agreements with clinical facilities regulated by the Joint Commission (JC) require that College of the Desert Health Sciences students meet specific requirements prior to being placed at a facility for a clinical rotation. These requirements include clearance of a recent physical examination, specific immunizations or titers, negative TB status, negative criminal background clearance, negative drug test, and current Basic Life Support CPR Certification. Requirements are subject to change as specified by the clinical facility.  

Policies and procedures for the criminal background check are available on the Health Sciences & Education webpage. You will be required to provide proper identification including your Social Security number. The student shall be responsible for paying any associated costs of program requirements.  

All students enrolled in Health Sciences courses requiring patient care contact in a JC accredited facility must provide evidence of meeting these requirements prior to the first clinical experience. Students will be excluded from the clinical site until all required materials have been received in the department office.

Core Performance Standards

In compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), students must be, with reasonable accommodation, physically and mentally capable of performing the essential functions of the program. The Core Performance Standards adopted by the Department of Health Sciences include the following.

Physical Demands - Must be able to:

  • be on your feet 6 - 12 hours at a time and perform activities that include reaching, balancing, carrying, pushing, pulling, stooping, bending and crouching;
  • lift and transfer adults and children from a stooped to an upright position to accomplish bed-to-chair and chair-to-bed transfers;
  • lift and adjust positions of bedridden patients, including pulling as much as 12 inches toward the head of the bed;
  • physically apply up to ten pounds pressure to bleeding sites or to chest in the performance of CPR using hands, wrists and arms;
  • maneuver in small spaces quickly and with ease;
  • perform fine motor skills that require hand-eye coordination in the use of small instruments, equipment, and syringes;
  • feel and compress tissues to assess for size, shape, texture, and temperature.

Senses - Must be able to:

  • visually read calibrated scales in increments of one-hundredth of an inch in not more than a three inch space;
  • perform close and distinct visual activities involving persons and paperwork;
  • visually discriminate depth and color perception;
  • identify and distinguish odors that are pungent, or the products of infection or metabolic imbalance (e.g., ketones);
  • respond and react immediately to auditory instruction, requests, signals, and monitoring equipment;
  • perform auditory assessments requiring the distinguishing of variances in sounds (e.g., tones and pitches).

Attitudes/Aptitudes - Must be able to:

  • perform mathematical calculation for medication preparation and administration in a timely manner;
  • communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, using appropriate grammar, vocabulary, and word usage as well as medical terminology;
  • work and make competent/safe decisions in stressful environments.

Students enrolled in the clinical program are subject to special guidelines developed to protect patient safety. A student may be asked to withdraw from a program in the Health Science Department for academic reasons or for other reasons such as drug/alcohol abuse, inappropriate social or emotional behavior or documented acts of dishonesty. The faculty reserves the right to remove from the clinical area any student who, in the faculty member’s professional judgment, places the patient in physical or emotional jeopardy.

Advisors:

Monica Camargo
Health Sciences, Vocational Nursing
mcamargo@collegeofthedesert.edu    
(760) 776-7343

Sarah Fry
Registered Nursing
sfry@collegeofthedesert.edu    
(760) 776-7225

Lisa Kinsey
Registered Nursing
likinsey@collegeofthedesert.edu    
(760) 862-1357

Renee Martin-Thornton
Registered Nursing
rmartin@collegeofthedesert.edu    
(760) 776-7292

Anna Reber-Frantz
Registered Nursing
areberfrantz@collegeofthedesert.edu  
(760) 776-7364

Health Science (HS)

HS 013  General Nutrition   Units: 3

This course is a study of the chemical composition of foods and their utilization by the body. Students study the roles, functions, and interactions of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and water. Practical problems of nutrition and relationship of adequate diet to physical and mental health are covered. (C-ID NUTR 110)
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: ENG-070
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU/UC                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: C2, C5                 CSU GE: E                 IGETC: None

HS 061  Medical Terminology   Units: 2

This course introduces medical terminology as used by all health service personnel, including medical doctors, dentists, nurses, respiratory therapists, physical therapists, EMTs, medical secretaries and doctors' office assistants.
Lecture Hours: 36         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: Advisory:ENG-070
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 062  Your Living Body   Units: 3

This course provides a basic overview of body structures and functions, correlated with discussion of the major diseases affecting each of the major systems. This course is required for Vocational Nursing Program.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: Advisory:HS-061
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 064  Nurse Assistant   Units: 6

This course includes basic nursing principles used in the care of clients in long-term care facilities. The content addresses the basic needs of clients; concepts of ethics and confidentiality; techniques of communication; reporting and recording of observations and basic assessments; performance of special treatments, procedures and skills required for client care. Successful completion of the course results in eligibility to take the state-approved test that leads to certification as a nursing assistant.
Lecture Hours: 63         Lab Hours: 135          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 065  Basic Pharmacology   Units: 3

This course provides an introduction to basic pharmacology. Content covers calculating dosages, using conversion tables, administering medication, and using drug reference materials. The actions, untoward actions, desired and undesired effects of commonly used drugs in the major classifications are presented.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: MATH-060
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 066  Home Health Aide   Units: 2

This course expands on the content taught in the nursing assistant course to provide preparation for care of residents in home care settings. Content emphasizes personal care, basic communications, safety, meal planning, and maintaining a healthful environment.
Lecture Hours: 27         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: HS-064 or CNA
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 067  Intro To Med/Dosage Calculations   Units: 1

This course provides a basic foundation for the study of pharmacology and covers the general principles of drug administration with a review of arithmetic and the calculation of math dosages. It utilizes a nursing process approach which focuses on the understanding of pharmacological principles, medication administration, and the evaluation of the client's responses in the health care setting. This course is designed for the beginning vocational nursing student and other allied health care disciplines.
Lecture Hours: 18         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: MATH-060
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 070  Intro To Health Sciences   Units: 1

This course is strongly recommended for all students entering the VN or ADN programs offered at College of the Desert. It is designed to provide students interested in Health Sciences programs with detailed information about program requirements and career objectives.
Lecture Hours: 18         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 071  Strategies For Success In A Nursing Program   Units: 2

Designed to prepare students for the successful completion of the nursing program. Students will be given an overview of the program requirements and expectations and they will acquire information and skills that facilitate student success once admitted into the program. Students will also explore nursing career options, which will guide the development of their educational plan.
Lecture Hours: 36         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 072  Introduction To Health & Society   Units: 4

This course will explore the issues in individual and community health through the study of the practices and health behaviors of groups and populations. Major health issues are examined to contribute to the student's understanding of his or her role in personnel responsibility and the development of public policies relating to the environment, the community, and personal health status.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: 54          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: LIS-001
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU/UC*                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: C5                 CSU GE: E                 IGETC: None

HS 073  Introduction To Community Health   Units: 3

This course is an introduction to health issues and wellness essentials in diverse communities. It introduces fundamental concepts in public health and examines the influence of public, private and voluntary organizations.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: LIS-001
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU/UC*                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: E                 IGETC: None

HS 074  Informatics For Health Science   Units: 3

This course provides an overview of the computer software used by members of the Health Science profession. It will introduce students to the software in assessment, planning,education, program implementation and management currently used in health science and allied health. It will introduce students to programs such as statistical packages, Projectmanagement, GIS, and Electronic Health Records. The course will also cover the legal and ethical use of software linked to client care.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: LIS-010
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 080  Electrocardiogram (ECG) Interpretation   Units: 3

This coThis course is designed for persons interested in working with patients who require cardiac monitoring. It provides an overview of the anatomy and physiology of the heart and the conduction system. Students apply analytical thinking to interpret graphic representations of normal and abnormal electrical activity of the heart. The emphasis of this course is on the interpretation of heart rhythms, lead placement, obtaining a 12 lead Electrocardiogram and interpretation of cardiac rhythms that require immediate intervention.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 083A  Basic Phlebotomy   Units: 1.5

The course will prepare students to perform basic blood collection methods using appropriate techniques. Through lecture and lab experiences, students will receive training in basic infection prevention, proper patient identification, proper labeling of specimens, and quality assurance. Students will be taught specimen handling, and processing.
Lecture Hours: 18         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: HS-064
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 083B  Advanced Phlebotomy   Units: 1.5

The course will prepare students to perform advanced blood collection methods using appropriate techniques. Through lecture and lab experiences, students will receive training in infection prevention, proper labeling of specimens, and quality assurance. Students will be taught advanced specimen handling,arterial puncture blood cultures and special processing. The course will be educated in the agencies that regulate phlebotomy.
Lecture Hours: 18         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: HS-083A or HS-083
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 084  Phlebotomy Practicum   Units: 1

The phlebotomy practicum supplies practical experience drawing blood on clients in the clinical setting. It reinforces the theory taught in HS 083A and HS 083B. Students have the opportunity to observe Arterial punctures, and obtain the 50 venous and 10 capillary draws required for the CPT1 certification.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 54          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: HS-083B
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 095A  Health Sciences Work Experience   Units: 1

This work experience course of supervised employment is designed to assist students to acquire desirable work habits, attitudes and skills so as to enable them to become productive employees. This course also provides students with career awareness for jobs. Credit may be accrued at the rate of one to eight units per semester for a maximum of sixteen units (combined total of all Work Experience units). Additionally, students must work 75 paid hours or 60 non-paid hours per unit earned. This type of work experience is available to students whose job and educational or occupational goals are directly related to Health Science.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 75          Repeatable: Yes
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 098A  Nursing Skills Lab, Fundamentals   Units: 0.5

This course provides opportunity for practice and mastery of nursing skills necessary for safe patient care. It uses multimedia materials, computers, and instructor assistance to improve the skills needed and is directed to students needing review of nursing procedures.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: Enrollment in a Nursing course
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 098B  Nursing Skills Lab, Intermediate   Units: 0.5

This course provides opportunity for practice and mastery of intermediate nursing skills necessary for safe patient care. It uses multimedia materials, computers, and instructor assistance to improve the skills needed and is directed to students needing review of nursing procedures.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: Enrollment in a Nursing course
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 098C  Nursing Skills Lab, Special Populations   Units: 0.5

This course provides opportunity for practice and mastery of nursing skills with in special populations necessary for safe patient care. It uses multimedia materials, computers, and instructor assistance to improve the skills needed and is directed to students needing review of nursing procedures.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: Enrollment in a Nursing course
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

HS 098D  Nursing Skills Lab, Fundamentals   Units: 0.5

This course provides opportunity for practice and mastery of nursing skills necessary for safe patient care. It uses multimedia materials, computers, and instructor assistance to improve the skills needed and is directed to students needing review of nursing procedures.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 27          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: Enrollment in a Nursing course
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: NAA
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

Nursing (N)

N 001  Basic Concepts In Nursing Practice   Units: 8

This course introduces students to the organizing framework of the program and to the nursing process. The focus is on optimum wellness. Basic care concepts and skills common to promoting, maintaining or restoring health are presented in the classroom and practiced in college and clinical laboratories. Care is focused on the needs of medical, surgical and geriatric clients. A materials fee of $110.00 - $150.00 is required for this course to cover lab learning activities.
Lecture Hours: 72         Lab Hours: 216          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: Acceptance to the Registered Nursing Program
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

N 002  Nursing Common Alterations In Health   Units: 9

This course builds on foundational concepts introduced in Nursing 1. Emphasis is on the nursing management of adults, women in labor and children experiencing commonly occurring alterations in health and promoting optimum wellness in the childbearing family. A materials fee of $35.00 - $45.00 is required for this course to cover lab learning activities.
Lecture Hours: 90         Lab Hours: 216          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: N-001
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

N 003A  Nursing Chronic Alterations In Health   Units: 9

Previously learned principles of medical surgical nursing will be built upon in this course. Nursing 3A focuses on promoting, maintaining or restoring health of clients with alterations in psychological and/or physiological functioning. Specific topics covered in this course include men's and women's health, health alterations in respiratory and cardiac systems, conditions of immune response, and psychosocial alterations impacting individuals and families. Clinical experiences will include both inpatient and community-based settings. A materials fee of $40.00 - $70.00 is required for this course to cover lab learning activities.
Lecture Hours: 72         Lab Hours: 270          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: N-002; Corequisite: N-003B
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

N 003B  Issues In Nursing   Units: 0.5

This course introduces the student to the non-clinical aspects of nursing and discusses professionalism, credentialing, collective bargaining, nursing organizations, and legal, ethical and bioethical issues frequently encountered by the new graduate. This course may be used for continuing education credit.
Lecture Hours: 9         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: None
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

N 004  Nursing Acute Complex Alterations In Health   Units: 9.5

In this course students gain knowledge and experience with clients whose optimum level of wellness is altered by acute and complex conditions. Students will gain experience as direct care providers in the acute/critical/emergent and home health care settings utilizing concepts of care management.
Lecture Hours: 81         Lab Hours: 270          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: N-003A
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: CSU                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

N 056  Transition To Registered Nurse   Units: 5

This course focuses on preparing the student for assuming the role of the registered nurse, as covered in the first year of the associate degree program. Skills lab and clinical practice focus on the application of therapeutic nursing interventions and critical thinking behaviors in select client populations. The course facilitates the transition of LVN and approved challenge/ advanced placement students into the second year of the RN program. A materials fee of $69.00 - $85.00 is required for this course to cover lab learning activities.
Lecture Hours: 54         Lab Hours: 108          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: BI-013, BI-014, BI-015, ENG-001A, MATH-054
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: Graduation from an LVN/LPN program and current , unrestricted licensure as an LVN Licensure as a Vocational Nurse
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

Vocational Nursing (VN)

VN 010  Vocational Nursing I   Units: 9

This course introduces concepts related to the role of the vocational nurse, basic skills, legal and ethical issues, critical thinking, culturally congruent care, pharmacology, fluid/electrolytes, communication and confidentiality. A foundation in normal growth and development including the gerontologic client and end of life care is presented. Using a nursing process format, care of clients with alterations in various body systems is covered. A materials fee of $90.00 - $147.00 is required for this course to cover lab learning activities.
Lecture Hours: 162         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: ENG-071, HS-013, HS-062, HS-067, PSY-001, and Corequisite: VN-010L
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: Acceptance to the Vocational Nursing Program
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

VN 010L  Vocational Nursing I Lab   Units: 7

This course provides an opportunity for the practice and application of skills needed to meet the clients' basic needs and the maintenance of optimum wellness. Students care for clients with common alterations in the function various body systems. Learning experiences are provided in the on-campus lab and various clinical sites. Students receive a Pass/No Pass grade mark.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 378          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: HS-013, HA-062, and HS-067 Corequisite: VN-010
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: Acceptance to the Vocational Nursing Program
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

VN 020  Vocational Nursing II   Units: 9

Building on the concepts presented in VN-010, this course discusses content related to care of the surgical client and alterations in function of gastrointestinal, urinary, reproductive, neurologic, and spinal cord. Students are also introduced to leadership, supervision of the VN. Introduction to maternity nursing, clients ante, intra and postpartum. Healthy newborn and alterations related to the newborn. Presentation of the hospitalized child, an in-depth look at growth & development.
Lecture Hours: 162         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: VN-010 and VN-010L; Corequisite: VN-020L
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

VN 020L  Vocational Nursing II Lab   Units: 7

This course provides opportunity to care for clients with alterations in various body systems and across the life span. Students will practice in a variety of health care settings. Students receive a Pass/No Pass grade mark.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 378          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: VN-010 and VN-010L; Corequisite: VN-020
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

VN 030  Vocational Nursing III   Units: 5

This course builds on all concepts from previous semesters. Students will focus on the care of children with various health care needs. The course concludes with concepts to aid the student transition to the role of professional vocational nurse.
Lecture Hours: 90         Lab Hours: None          Repeatable: No
Grading: Letter
Prerequisite: VN-020 and VN-020L; Corequisite: VN-030L
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None

VN 030L  Vocational Nursing III Lab   Units: 4

This course is a continuation of skills that were acquired in VN-010 and 020. Students apply concepts of team leading and management skills to care for clients of all ages. Students meet the needs for the hospitalized child and clients experiencing labor, delivery, and postpartum. Students receive a Pass/No Pass grade mark.
Lecture Hours: None         Lab Hours: 216          Repeatable: No
Grading: Pass/No Pass
Prerequisite: VN-020 and VN-020L; Corequisite: VN-030
Advisory: None
Limitation on enrollment: None
Transfer Status: None                 Degree Applicable: AA/AS
COD GE: None                 CSU GE: None                 IGETC: None